The paper cutting above is a Wycinanka, or Polish Paper Cutting. It has a stylized cut for the tree, horses, and animals. This one includes the "Goddess in the Tree". Roosters represent fertility and life. The curlicures represent water and air.
The paper cut below is a Scherenschnitte, or German Paper Cut. The figures and the tree are more realistic, similar to a silhouette. Some of the earliest "photos" were shadow silhouettes of people, animals, and nature.